Modern map of
Fulford with local footpaths for visiting the site
Getting to the site
OS map of York
The 1851 map
Discussion of old maps
John Speeds map
3D map of the site
The moraines that made
the muddy ford
Lidar image shows
the modern topography
York in 1066
Alternative sites proposed for the battle
Changes to the battle site
The bigger picture
SSSI & the Ecology
that should be protected
The crop marks recorded by English Heritage
Riccall - The
Norse routes to the battlesite
Riccall in 1066
'Riccall Rampage' map
The story that can be revealed by the data
within maps needs much interpretation. The literature, landscape
and material evidence gathered during the project all allowed a
confident picture about the location and the course of the battle
to be understood.
The Worcester MS of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle:
" gathered from their earldom as great a force as they could
get, and fought with that raiding-army and made a great slaughter."
But they were "killed and drowned and driven in flight; and
the Norwegians had possession of the place of slaughter."
Snorri's Saga says:
King Harald lay in the Usa (Ouse). King Harald now went on the land,
and drew up his men. The one arm of this line stood at the outer edge
of the river, the other turned up towards the land along a ditch; and
there was also a morass, deep, broad, and full of water.
The earls let their army proceed slowly down along the ditch, with
all their troops in line. The king's banner was next the river, where
the line was thickest. It was thinnest at the ditch, where also the
weakest of the men were.
When the earls advanced downwards along the ditch, the arm of the
Northmen's line which was at the ditch gave way; and the Englishmen
followed, thinking the Northmen would fly. The banner of Earl Morukare
advanced then bravely.
When King Harald saw that the English array had come to the ditch
against him, he ordered the charge to be sounded, and urged on his men.
He ordered the banner which was called the Land-ravager to be carried
before him, and made so severe an assault that all had to give way
before it; and there was a great loss among the men of the earls, and
they soon broke into flight, some running up the river, some down, and
the most leaping into the ditch, which was so filled with dead that the
Norsemen could go dry-foot over the fen.
There Earl Morukare fell. Earl Valthiof, (Edwin) and the people
who escaped, fled up to the castle of York; and there the greatest loss
of men had been.
- The Norse arrival in Yorkshire
- The routes of the combatants to Fulford
on 20 September 1066
- The 1651 map of Fulford
- A possible layout of post-conquest Fulford