Fulford battlefied under threat

July 2015 dig

The Fulford Tapestry

Geological evidence

Summary of published report

Visiting the site

Fulford map
Getting there
York map
York in 1066
LIDAR image
3D view of battle
1851 map Fulford
Analysis of map evidence
Geological evidence
Post-conquest Fulford
Riccall Rampage
Norse arrive 1066
Norse march to Fulford


Images of flood on the day of the battle

12 panoramas of the battle site

YouTube videos

The Fulford Tapestry

All History Guide: Your guide to history on the Internet..

Finding Fulford cover

Kindle version

" .. this unusual, and yes, excellent history book.." 

"More books like this one introducing historical study in a sympathetic was are needed.."

Now in paperback

... and into its 3rd reprint!


The Geology of the Fulford Battle Site

The ground created by the last ice age provided the surface on which the Battle of Fulford was fought.

The key feature is the rib of sand and gravel deposited at the face of the glacier as it melted. Its route is precisely marked by the line of the modern A19 road running roughly north-south. The competing armies would have approached the site along this route from the south. This geological wall has only been breached at one location near Fulford at Germany Beck.

Either side of this firm, elevated ground the land has been waterlogged since the ice retreated. The glacial deposit has determined the eastern course of the river Ouse which itself rests on the glacial material. The ground between the river and the glacial moraine is filled with alluvial material that is periodically refreshed when the river floods. This is the area of the Fulford Ings. The action of periodic flooding has also produced a firm path near the river bank as heavier material is left on the banks while fines are flushed back to the river.

To the east of the high ground is an extensive area of wet land. Over the centuries, much of this waterlogged land has been recovered. Most recently, the University of York was created after extensive hydrological work to drain the land. This area of silt and clay was deposited during the last glaciation and encircles the ground the to east of the battle site. While not impassable, there would be no easy route to bypass or outflank any blocking force at Fulford.

Germany Beck is the drain for this extensive area. At some stage the build-up of water on the area covered by the modern Walmgate Stray, Heslington and Fulford Damlands (Water Fulford) broke through the glacial bank to reach the Ouse. The size of the catchment area provides the flow necessary to cut, and then, keep this restricted route to the river open.

The only other area noted in geological surveys covers the area now covered by Fulford Cemetery. This deposit points to the weak point in the glacial material that was exploited by Germany Beck. At this point the melting glacier steps to the west. It would have provided a small area of firm, relatively high ground for the Viking army.

Sketch map based on information in 1908 and 1987 OS Geological Survey maps

Some core samples have been taken from the Ings. The results should be published in October 02



Related sites Facebook  Twitter (@ helpsavefulford)        Visiting Fulford        Map York

There is a site devoted to saving the battlesite: The site has the story of the process that has allowed the site to be designated an access road to a Green Belt, floodplain housing estate.

And another website for the Fulford Tapestry that tells the story of the September 1066: This tells the story embroidered into the panels.

The author of the content is Chas Jones - fulfordthing@gmail.com  last updated June 2015

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