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There were now 3 main battlefronts at Fulford.

The Vikings cut into the troops on the high ground. They were now behind the English troops attacking at the Ford. The defenders who now found themselves with enemy on 3 sides. 

There were 2 retreats in progress. When retreating nearly all  the advantages lie with the pursuers who could direct their weapons at the undefended backs of those fleeing towards York.  

  1. However, the defenders moving along the river bank would be able to slow the initial advance as they retreated through the Fenland. The front they had to defend was limited by the Ings and the Ouse.

  2. The English right flank was being driven towards Heslington. The marshy land protects them. Keeping the shield wall and defending the causeways, allows them to disengage. This is the area where we have uncovered so much evidence of metal re-processing so it is possible that some men abandoned some weapons as they fled from the battle.

It is probable that the two Earls still led their men.

The Earls might have been able to bring some order to the retreat. The records state that the surrender of the City was by negotiation which suggests that the defenders were not routed. They probably moved back inside the city walls, secured and manned the defences. York was safe for the moment.

The injured who had not reached sanctuary were dispatched and hacked by their pursuers.



No amount of bravery could save these defenders. Wading through the heavy mud was exhausting and soon impossible. Unable to move and dodge blows, they were easy prey. The Chroniclers description of a  causeway of bodies might be accurate.

Perhaps 500 men were trapped in this morass. There is little chance that any of this doomed band could have escaped.  Although one version of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records them as fighting their way to Heslington, a mile away along the Beck.

It is over this precise ground that modern developers plan to build their access road.

What happened next


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There is a site devoted to saving the battlesite: The site has the story of the process that has allowed the site to be designated an access road to a Green Field, flood-plane housing estate. Visiting Fulford        Map York

And another website for the Fulford Tapestry that tells the story of the September 1066: This tells the story embroidered into the panels.

There is a blog covering these sites where you can leave questions and make comments.

The author of the content is Chas Jones -

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