Fulford battlefied under threat

July 2015 dig

The Fulford Tapestry

Henry of Huntingdon

Summary of published report

Visiting the site

Naming the battle
Translation issues
AngloSaxon Chronicles
Symeon of Durham
Geoffrey Gaimar
John of Worcester
William of Malmesbury
Henry of Huntingdon
Orderic Vitalis
The Life of King Edward
Comparing translations
Norse Sagas
Misinformed criticism
Song of Maldon
Saxon succession


Images of flood on the day of the battle

12 panoramas of the battle site

YouTube videos

The Fulford Tapestry

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Henry of Huntingdon

The Historia Angulorum (History of the English) was written between 1133 and 1154. Henry lived to be 80 years and was about 40 before he began writing his history. Henry has earned a reputation as a good historian.

The one short note that Henry makes about Fulford suggests that he had passed through the site of the battle: 

“The site of the battle (of Fulford)  is still pointed out on the south side of the city.”[i] 

His note confirms that the location of the battle to the south of York was known and his use of the word ‘still’ suggests that this was topical when the words were written perhaps 80 years after the battle.

This also suggests that he could have passed through the site, perhaps on a journey from Lincoln sometime between 1095 and 1110. Ermine Street links Huntingdon to Lincoln and on to the south bank of the Humber. The roads south of York have not been determined. Some of the potential routes would require a short detour to pass though Fulford but when Henry VIII entered York via Fulford, the York burghers made their obeisance to him at Fulford Cross so it was obviously an established route from the south by then. So do the words, ‘pointed out’ imply that this was known to him because it was an early visitor attraction?

He does not say that he visited the site and it is unlikely that he would have seen any physical evidence since he could not have passed through the site until at least 30 years had elapsed since the battle. Roman historians tell us that just 6 years after the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest, with a similar climatic regime, little remained of the 3 legions that had been slaughtered there.

Both Henry and Orderic might have been reporting what they had been told by people they took to be credible witnesses even though their claims fail the ‘eye-witness test’.

[i] The History of the English People, 1000-1154: Henry of Huntingdon, Translated by Diana Greenway, Oxford University Press, 2002, 0192840754

[ii] Orderic Vitalis, The Ecclsisytical History Book iii,169  tr Marjorie Chibnall



Related sites Facebook  Twitter (@ helpsavefulford)        Visiting Fulford        Map York

There is a site devoted to saving the battlesite: The site has the story of the process that has allowed the site to be designated an access road to a Green Belt, floodplain housing estate.

And another website for the Fulford Tapestry that tells the story of the September 1066: This tells the story embroidered into the panels.

The author of the content is Chas Jones - fulfordthing@gmail.com  last updated June 2015

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