Images of flood on the day of the battle
12 panoramas of the battle site
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Gaimer is the second near-contemporary source to name Fuleford as the place of the battle. [i] Three of the surviving four manuscripts of Gaimar’s history were lodged in Durham, Lincoln and Peterborough. These locations might be significant because the texts add local information to some parts of our story and these details are not related elsewhere.
Gaimar adds that the Norse fleet consisted of 460 or 470 vessels (depending upon the copy consulted) and mentions a landing at St Wilfrid’s as a stopping place for the Norse invasion fleet as it made its way up the river Humber to the base at Riccall.
The place name of Fuleford matches the name used in the Domesday survey although spelling consistency was not an issue until recent centuries. Gaimar refers to the English as Engeleis, Engelis and Engeles in his Norman-French history.
Pending a good translation of Gaimar, this is a crude attempt which makes no effort to follow the original metrical format, but only to capture the historical content of his ‘History of the English’. (lines 5199 to 5222 from L'Estoire des Engles)
His history was written in rhyming couplets about 1140. Gaimar’s origins are a matter of speculation. His name is Germanic but scholars say the style of his language suggests a Provencal connection. Gaimar was a writer and translator, rather than a historian, but his willingness to include older oral sources should not lead us to dismiss the detailed story that he tells us about Fulford.
Some of the stories he includes are of Norse origin. His familiarity with these stories has led scholars to speculate about his background and might explain why he was a linguist. He was employed to translate the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle for the benefit of Normans, which accounts for his access to these documents that we believe were held inside monastic buildings.[ii] His translations were probably done after all of the sources studies for the research so his work could have influenced them.
Related sites Facebook Twitter (@ helpsavefulford) Visiting Fulford Map York
There is a site devoted to saving the battlesite: The site has the story of the process that has allowed the site to be designated an access road to a Green Belt, floodplain housing estate.
And another website for the Fulford Tapestry that tells the story of the September 1066: This tells the story embroidered into the panels.
The author of the content is Chas Jones - firstname.lastname@example.org last updated June 2015