Images of flood on the day of the battle
12 panoramas of the battle site
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The detecting plan (see methodology for more details)
We didn't know where the battle took place when we began so we covered a wide area - Perhaps the number of fragments would be significant. So for statistical purposes, the outlying areas would provide useful comparison so they were surveyed.
The overall pattern might also prove significant and we are working to develop a model in case the distribution indicates hotspots of fragmentary metal has applications beyond Fulford.
The density of unidentifiable ferrous material in the core area is several orders of magnitude higher. However, the significance of this difference in find density cannot be fully appreciated. We need to compare our figures with other sites.
Work began in 2001. Over 5000 metal items were recovered during the regular field working until 2004. This has provided much evidence of how the land has been used over the years.
Half of the material was been examined after 3 years and the rest 1 year later. The most significant discovery was not any particular artefact but produced compelling evidence of some short-term metal working.
This can be interpreted as an indication that there was a lot of short-term glut of metal in the area. It was hoped that this can be further investigated but the developers have repeatedly refused access.
After four seasons collecting metal from the area of the battle a selection was sent to the conservators for detailed analysis.
Sadly, access to the site was denied by landowners, acting under instruction from the developers. This attempt to prevent the gathering of evidence is, sadly, acceptable to the English planning process.
Analysis of the ferrous material
There are 4 stories to be told about the finds.
1. The first is a holistic or statistical analysis of aggregate collections.
2. The second is a statistical story.
3. The next is about some classes of items.
4. The final story is about a few of the items.
This analysis is focused on the ferrous material since most of the non-ferrous material can be identified and not a single piece can be reliably associated with the battle.
The preliminary findings from this work in-progress were presented to a gathering of archaeologists at the British Museum in April 2005. I smile when I read this extract from my script. “The significance of the seaxes is difficult to assess. These were carried in war and in peace. Perhaps the ford was a popular picnic spot! Perhaps this density of finds is normal for an area like this but we will not know until other areas are similarly surveyed. Perhaps these knife fragments, which at about 4cm ,were small enough to be missed when the site was cleared after the battle.” The process of interpreting these new finds took time and followed some false trails!
Other formal reports have been presented at the Battlefields Conference held at the British Army Museum in 2003 and for the Battlefields Trust in 2009. In addition, during May 2008, academics in six institutions in Scandinavia were visited and invited to comment on the ferrous material. The benefit of these talks on the work being undertaken has been to expose the emerging story to as wide an informed audience as possible.
What have we discovered so far?
Attached to most pages is a chart of the number of finds for 03/04.
Related sites Facebook Twitter (@ helpsavefulford) Visiting Fulford Map York
There is a site devoted to saving the battlesite: The site has the story of the process that has allowed the site to be designated an access road to a Green Belt, floodplain housing estate.
And another website for the Fulford Tapestry that tells the story of the September 1066: This tells the story embroidered into the panels.
The author of the content is Chas Jones - firstname.lastname@example.org last updated February 2015